Dog mom essential wear this holiday season

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Submitted by Amberly Lewis of Bones and Bloges

Hello all!

I don’t know about you but now that cooler weather is upon us, I am so looking forward to all the holiday festivities! Between prepping Thanksgiving Dinner, clipping those Black Friday coupons, hanging twinkling lights, or ringing in the New Year with champs and fireworks – the holidays definitely keep me busy! 

That’s why my line of Bones and Blogs Official Dog Mom T-shirts are perfect for all of your errand running this holiday season. 

I have designed 3 shirts with comfort, versatility, affordability, and dog moms in mind! These shirts are perfect athleisure staples or you can dress them up for a cute and casual day-outfit! I am going to break each shirt down and show you different ways to style them, why they would make the perfect Christmas gift for any dog mom in your life, FAQ’s, and how you can give back to pups in need by purchasing one of these shirts! 

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Bones and Blogs Official T-Shirt $10.00

This is your classic cotton white t-shirt with our official *updated* logo. I would say this is perfect for men or women – real men wear pink right? In the summer I like to tie the shirt up over a pair of denim, in the cooler months I like to pair it with a cardigan, beanie, and leggings – which is my weekend uniform! 

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Bones and Blogs Baseball T $15.00

This is perfect for all my girly dog moms! The pink is a true “look-at-me-pink”. We also kept our original logo on this design – the Labrador on the back is my actual dogs face! Yes he is that handsome in real life. I love wearing this as a casual outfit with jeans and flats, it also doubles as THE BEST sleep shirt.

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Fur-Mama Baseball T $15.00

Last but certainly not least, everyone’s favorite! This classic black and white is a perfect staple for basics. It can by styled so many different ways! I find myself wearing this the most on outings with my dogs i.e. hikes, lunches, and dog parks! I usually tie it up, the looser fit keeps me cool, but the knot in the front makes for easy wear! This would also be so cute with leggings, boots, and a big blanket scarf – which is probably what I will be wearing for the next couple of months, haha!

Giving back

I donate 100% off all profits I make to a local shelter in my area. A local animal shelter in my area has an increasingly high kill rate :( this is the only shelter in this town and it absolutely breaks my heart to think that all the stray or abandoned pets in this area will have little to no chance at life. That’s why I donate 100% off all the profits I make to help run a more sustainable shelter. With more food, blankets, pillows, sheets, food, money for vaccinations coming in – it cuts down the amount of euthanizations. To break it down 80% of the profits made from shirts is what is used to pay for the shirts, materials, printing, and embroidery – the remaining 20% profit is ALL donated to the aforementioned shelter. So to clarify, I make $0.00 by making and selling these shirts… I truly do it for my love of dogs and their moms!

FAQ

• All shirts are style “unisex” so nothing fitted/tight/snug – if you want a looser fit order TTS if you want a classic fit I would recommend sizing down

• Sizes range from S, M, L – I plan to expand on these sizes to cater to more woman once demand starts to grow! 

• I am wearing a sixe S in all photos for reference (I am 5’3 and 115lbs) 

• All products are $15 or less

• $5 flat rate shipping on all orders

• Prints and embroideries are by Sister Susie Screen Print and Embroidery 

Shop all shirts here: 

https://www.bonesandblogs.com/shop/

All photos by Yazi Davis Photography: 

http://www.yazidavis.com













​A Puppy’s Nutrition Requirements

Submitted by Amber Drake

If you’re adopting a new puppy, you are probably looking forward to all the fun, the kisses, and the snuggles. You’re looking forward to watching her grow from an adorable little puppy to a loving, well-rounded, healthy adult dog.

As you know, puppies don’t stay little forever. Puppies grow extremely fast. And part of what’s expected of you is understanding the nutritional requirements for your growing pup.

How often should you feed your puppy? What should you feed her? Let’s find out.

Six to 12-weeks Old Pup

After puppies are taken from their mother to be in a forever home, they need to eat continuously throughout the day. If you think about it, their mother was the food source for their whole life thus far. And, your puppy could eat any time he wanted to. Basically, free-feeding

As a general recommendation, puppies who are six to twelve-weeks-old should eat four meals (the same amount each time) during the day. Try to stick as close to the same time every day, too.

Your puppy should be eating puppy food only. Food specifically designed for puppies are made to fit the nutrition requirements for a growing pup.

If you want to make their meals yourself, you should first discuss the decision with your veterinarian. Your vet can help you design a meal plan that fits your individual puppy’s needs.

Three to Six-Months-Old

Once your pup hits three months old, you can eliminate one feeding period. You will now only have to feed her three times per day instead of four. Breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Simple, right? And again, it’s recommended she eats the same time each day and each meal is proportional to the other.

Six to Twelve-Months-Old

Your puppy is starting not to look like a puppy anymore at this stage in their life. Once your pup hits six months of age, you can drop another food period. You’ll now be feeding her two times per day instead of three.

When Can I Transition to Adult Food?

This is a hard question to answer because it truly depends on your individual dog. But, as a general guideline, dogs who are small-breed can switch to adult dog food between seven and nine months of age. Dogs who are on the larger side shouldn’t be taken off puppy food until they’re at least one year old.

Once your dog hits one-year-old, you can stay feeding him twice per day at the same time each day.

How Much Food is Too Much?

Here’s another question that’s hard to answer. This also depends on your individual, unique dog. You can start by taking a look at the feeding guidelines on the food package. Remember, this is only a general guideline. It’s your responsibility to make sure she isn’t eating too much or too little.

The best way to determine how much your pup should eat is via observation. If you see she’s getting heavier (and not in a good way), you may want to control her portions a bit more. If she leaves food in the dish, you’ll see how much food she eats at each meal.

To prevent early obesity, consideration should be provided regarding how many treats she eats per day. Treats should never be more than 10% of their total diet. Yes, that includes our food scraps too.

The Bottom Line on Puppy Nutrition

The bottom line here is every puppy is different. As professionals, we can provide a guideline, but you know your dog the best. As you feed her, you’ll learn how much food she needs to be ‘full.’

If you have any questions at all regarding her nutrition, contact your veterinarian and ask for an appointment to discuss her diet.

My Puppy and I Need to Sleep

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Submitted by Amber Drake

You adopted a puppy. Both you and your puppy are so excited it’s hard to contain the happiness you’re feeling. And, you’re so proud to have a new addition to your family.

But, you’re exhausted. Your puppy isn’t sleeping through the night. She’s staying up barking, getting into trouble, and absolutely hates not sleeping right next to you.

Can’t blame her, right? Dogs are social animals and they enjoy the company of others. On top of all the other changes she’s gone through, she has been taken from her mother, too.

There are a few tips to help your pup sleep through the night, so you can once again get that sleep you need so badly.

Play During the Day

If you play with your puppy during the day, he’s much more likely to sleep through the night. They’re tired out. They want to go to sleep just as much as you do.

Even if your pup is too young to go for walks (due to not having all her vaccinations yet), it’s still important to make sure she gets enough mental and physical stimulation.

If you have a fenced-in yard, that makes it so much easier for you. If you don’t have a fenced-in area for your dog, this may be something worth looking into.

Play with toys.

Play fetch.

Chase one another around.

Make the most out of her training.

Walk her around the yard on the leash.

Grab some puzzle toys for mental stimulation.

All of these can help tremendously.

Potty Breaks are Important

Puppies can’t ‘hold it’ for long periods of time. Their little bladders don’t have enough control to prevent an accident if they aren’t taken out regularly.

Your pup could wake you up shortly after you fall asleep because they’re dire to go outside to do their business.

To prevent this from happening, be sure to take her out right before bedtime. By taking this simple step, you have just bought yourself more sleep time.

Get Comfy and Cozy

When bedtime arrives, you should truly make it feel like bedtime.

This might sound like a ‘given’ but you would be surprised at how much we do around the house once we realize its time for bed. If you have kids, you’re probably getting everything ready for school the next day. This also may be the time you sip your cup of tea. Or, have some quiet time to yourself to calm down from your busy day.

To help your dog relax and fall asleep, dim the lights, put on some relaxing music, and give your puppy a nest that smells like you. They may not be directly next to you but will feel closer with your scent near their body.

DAP, or Dog Appeasing Pheromone, can also help tremendously with this process. DAP releases the hormone your dog once ‘smelled’ by their nursing mother.

Try Not to Switch it Up

Before you pick up your new puppy, look around your home for the best place to allow her to sleep. Prepare your puppy’s bed in advance. Make sure she won’t be interrupted by any action in the house if possible.

It’s important to note here, if you let your puppy sleep with you in the beginning, the chances of her wanting to do this every night are extremely high.

There’s nothing wrong with your puppy sleeping with you but make sure it’s a choice you’re comfortable with. This will be hard to change later if it’s not what you want.

Crate Training Could Help

Crate training can be the best choice for your puppy if they’re struggling to hold their bladder. If you don’t want to put your pup in a crate, simply choosing a confinement area may work.

If you’re using a confinement space rather than a crate, place a puppy pad right next to your pup’s bed just in case she feels the need to go potty while you’re sleeping.

If you decide on crate training, your puppy will need a middle-of-the-night potty break. Puppies can’t hold their bladder for more than a few hours. It’s not their fault, their bodies are just not made to hold it yet.

As a general guideline, if you don’t have a toy breed, a pup can hold their bladder for approximately as many hours as they are months old. For example, if you have a four-month-old puppy, she should be able to hold her bladder for up to four hours.

Don’t panic if your puppy doesn’t make it this long. And, don’t think they’re having accidents to spite you. They’re still learning.

Ignore the Whining

Yes, this is near impossible. Not only are we frustrated with the continuous whining and/or barking, but we usually feel terrible for leaving them in their crate as they’re crying.

But, guess what happens if you acknowledge this? Your puppy will learn to get what he wants by crying for it. If they make this connection, you’ll never sleep through the night.

Get Some Beauty Sleep

Overall, there are ways to get more rest. But, you aren’t going to get that ‘full rest’ for a few months as your pup continues to grow. If you have someone helping you take care of your puppy, you can take turns letting her outside to go potty. Then, you’re not thoroughly exhausted every day.

 

Our Dogs Need Dentists Too

Submitted by Amber Drake

As dog lovers, we want to do as much as possible to ensure our dog is happy, healthy, and well-cared for. We want to maintain their health, but we often forget about one facet of health.

Dental health. Don’t beat yourself up if you have never thought about your dog’s dental health. There are many dog lovers who do forget.

Dogs can have similar issues to ours when it comes to their teeth and gums. If we don’t see the dentist in a while, some of us will start to notice our dental health deteriorating. If we don’t brush our teeth, our teeth feel ‘yucky’ and I don’t know about you… but if I forget to brush my teeth I am in a panic and need to rush to find a toothbrush.

Knowing more about your dog’s dental health will help you understand how to better care for your furry best friend. We have compiled just a few facts for you. But, we recommend you dig a little deeper after reading this article to learn more yourself.

GUM DISEASE STINKS!

Gum disease is extremely common in dogs. You wouldn’t think so… but wow. Researchers have found most dogs show signs of gum disease as early as three years old.

Signs of gum disease in dogs include bad breath, yellow or brown buildup in their mouth (tartar), and irritated gums.

Examine your dog’s mouth on a regular basis to check for these signs. When you go to your annual check-up at the veterinarian, you can request they take a look at your dog’s teeth, too.

ROOT CANALS FOR DOGGIES

Have you ever had a root canal? Or, knew someone who had it done? Dogs need root canals sometimes too.

Most people think root canals are only for humans, but this is just not the case. It’s more common than you think for dogs to break teeth.

If your dog needs a root canal, don’t panic about the cost. It usually costs about the same as our own root canals. And, you can investigate payment plans like CareCredit offers.

To help avoid the need for a root canal, be sure to monitor what your dog is chewing on. Hard objects like rocks (yes, many dogs do chew on rocks), wood, and hard toys can be hazardous to your dog’s dental health.

Providing your dog with ‘soft’ objects can help significantly. We don’t mean soft as in toys they can shred apart in two seconds. But, beware of objects you know are just much too rough for their mouth.

PERIODONTAL DISEASE IS REAL

Wait. Periodontal disease in dogs is a thing? Yes, this is relatively common in dogs, too. Smaller breeds are at a higher risk than larger breeds because their teeth are actually a bit too big for their little mouths.

There are signs you can look out for here too.

Yellow teeth. Brown teeth. Loose teeth. Missing teeth. Smelly, yucky breath. Swollen gums. Loss of appetite. Weight loss.

To prevent periodontal disease, you should brush your dog’s teeth regularly. Of course if you have an adult dog who has never had his teeth brushed, this can be quite the process.

Be sure to introduce the toothbrush slow to your dog or puppy. And, be patient.

You should also request dental cleanings from your veterinarian on an annual basis to keep up on your dog’s dental health.

TOOTH INFECTIONS HURT

Tooth infections are horrrrrible. Have you ever had one? If not, you are one of the lucky ones. Tooth infections can cause all sorts of pain for us… headaches, nausea, and just plain out feeling awful.

If your dog’s 4th premolar is infected (this is more commonly infected than the others), you will notice swelling under their eye.

The reason the 4th premolar is a concern is because this tooth is larger than the others. You might also know this tooth as the carnassial tooth.

Our dogs don’t feel well when they have tooth infections either. Keep those teeth clean.

P.S.- Only use the toothbrushes and toothpaste that are specifically designed for our dogs. They can’t use our toothpaste… they need their own.

THE BOTTOM LINE ON DENTAL HEALTH

Just as your dental health is an important aspect of your overall health, your dog’s is too. We want them to feel as good as possible. We want them to live long, healthy lives. Ensuring they have good dental health plays a huge role in their well-being.

Regular checkups and consulting with your veterinarian on recommended toys, treats, and food will keep your furry friend healthy and happy.

Essential Oils for Dogs

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Submitted by Amber Drake

There’s so much talk about essential oils these days. More people are leaning toward the use of essential oils for themselves and their pets. But, do they really work? And, what can they be used for? We’ll discuss this and more in today’s article.

Calming Oils

Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis): This oil helps to provide a calming ‘mood’ for dogs who are feeling anxious or nervous. Roman chamomile can be inhaled, ingested, or applied topically to your dog.

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia): This oil has many uses, but most commonly, lavender can be used to soothe and comfort a dog who is experiencing distress and/or anxiety. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Hops (Humulus lupulus): Hops can help calm a dog who is anxious, nervous, or irritable. This oil can be inhaled, ingested, or applied topically on your dog.

Valerian root (Valeriana officinalis): Valerian root is a relaxant and mild sedative. It offers calming and soothing support for your dog when she is experiencing anxiety, panic or some sort of tension.

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans): Nutmeg can help a dog who is anxious or hyperactive with scattered energy. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Oils for Fearful Dogs

Frankincense (Boswellia carterii): On its own, or with the support of other essential oils that help reduce a dog’s fearful emotions, Frankincense can help reduce extreme stress. This oil is used in severe cases of fear to help a dog ‘come back to the ground.’ This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Violet Leaf (Viola odorata): If a dog is shocked or hesitant toward a situation, violet leaf can be used to reduce feelings of nervousness by providing a feeling of comfort and safety. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Linden Blossom (Tilia cordata). Linden blossom can assist in providing a sense of safety and trust. This oil is commonly recommened for dogs who have a history of abuse. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Sandalwood (Santalum austrocaledonicum): Sandalwood provides support on a physical and emotional level. Dogs who have emotional imbalances, worry, or uncertainly of situations are among those who can benefit from this oil. It can be very effective on its own, or in combination with other essential oils. And, can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Oils for Aggression

Rose Otto (Rosa damascena). Rose Otto is recommended for dogs who have a history of neglect, abuse, or suffering of some kind. This oil is also recommended for dogs who are displaying any sort of aggression. It’s important to note that alternative veterinarians have a disclaimer with this oil… a dog may continue to display aggressive behavior in the beginning of the use of Rose Otto but you may see positive results once your dog has been exposed. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

Vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides): Vetiver provides comfort and reassurance for an anxious dog showing aggression. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically.

Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia): Vanilla has comforting and nurturing qualities for dogs who experience nervous tension, irritability, and/or anger. Dogs who have been known to bite are among those who this oil is recommended to. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically.

Clary sage (Salvia sclarea): This oil is generally recommended for female dogs but can also be used for male dogs who are experiencing feelings of anger, frustration, and/or mood swings. This oil has been found to have soothing effects. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium): Yarrow has not only shown the ability to heal physical imbalances, but emotional imbalances as well. This could be a dog who has experienced trauma, neglect, and/or abuse… or a dog who is over-sensitive. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically.

Oils for Sadness

Neroli (Citrus aurantium): There are many dogs who do not particularly care for this oil. But, if your dog will accept this oil, it can be used to support a dog who is experiencing depression, grief, or loneliness. This oil can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog (only if your dog selects its use).

Peppermint (Mentha piperita): Peppermint has been known to have a calming effect on dogs (and humans!). And, can be inhaled, ingested or applied topically on your dog.

There’s More to Learn

This article just brushes the surface of essential oils.

It’s not meant to be a ‘you’re ready to do this’ type of article. You must do your own research before using any essential oil on your dog.

Print this out for reference- and ask a holistic or alternative veterinarian if your individual dog would benefit. Remember, every dog is different. And, depending on the health of your dog, some may be acceptable whereas other aren’t recommended.

And, not all oils should be treated equal… make sure the oil you are purchasing is of high-quality.

You should never place an essential oil on your dog’s skin (or let them inhale/ ingest) without first fully understanding the oil you’re using.

Bottom line… be sure to do further research before implementing essential oils into your dog’s routine.

 

 

Dogs make us healthier

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Contributed by Amber Drake

There’s no surprise here that animals have long been our support when handling medical problems. They’re able to help someone with limited vision make their way through the store safely. They can help reduce the anxiety of someone who suffers from panic attacks. And, they help us, as humans, be more social.

They do it all! They’re part of the key to our happiness in life… don’t you agree? Let’s talk about some of the benefits of having a dog in your life in further detail.

DOGGIES HELP LOWER OUR BLOOD PRESSURE

If you’ve been watching the news, you have probably heard that dogs can help reduce our blood pressure. How can this possibly be true?

The term used at this point has been coined the ‘pet effect.’ There have been several studies conducted; however, a study conducted by the University of Maryland Hospital requested 60 participants. This study found simply by petting a dog, the average person’s blood pressure drops over ten percent!

THEY INCREASE SOCIAL CONNECTION

Dogs can help us feel more comfortable in ‘mingling’ type situations. Most people don’t want to go to the park, to a local BBQ, or anywhere else there will be ‘strangers.’ Dogs help in these types of situations. And, they’re a great way to break the ice.

Most people love dogs. Take your dog for a walk around and you’ll probably have people approaching you asking if they can pet her.

If you have some type of condition like PTSD or social anxiety, this adds to the level of difficulty when approaching an unknown situation. Dogs help people with these conditions feel more secure in public.

Those with PTSD can also rest assured their dog is watching their back. Our dogs have sharper senses than we do. They can hear a noise before we do. They can hear noises we can’t. They can ‘smell danger.’ Having a dog to ensure you’re safe can help tremendously.

THEY PROVIDE COMPANIONSHIP

If you have ever visited a nursing home, or worked in one, you may have noticed there are dogs who come and visit the elderly. The companionship dogs offer, even if just for an hour, is unparalleled.

Dogs offer everyone unconditional love. They love you no matter what. Regardless of what you look like, what you sound like, what condition you have. They love you flaws and all.

They’re also great for those who don’t have human companionship. They’re your best friend.

Dogs give a sense of purpose

Dogs can also provide you with a sense of purpose. And, you provide them with a sense of purpose too.

Many times, people who are suffering from depression, severe anxiety, and/or PTSD may feel as if their life lacks purpose.

Parents who have ‘empty nest’ syndrome can also benefit from a dog’s companionship. A dog can help to feel the void you feel when your kids go off to college. You’ve cared for your child for 18+ years. Now what? A dog can keep your mind busy and you can take care of one another.

THE BOTTOM LINE ON HEALTH AND DOGS

If you’re considering adopting a puppy into your family, understanding all of the health benefits in addition to their pure love, is important to understand and appreciate. Your dog could be one of the best things to ever happen to you.

If you have never had a dog before, you’re in for a real treat. You will find out your dog has a soul unlike any other. He loves you more than life itself. That kind of love is near impossible to find.

And, if you’re experiencing any type of health condition, adopting a dog could be just what the doctor ordered.

 

Homemade Dog Treats: Frozen + Flea Repellant + Versatile

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Contributed by Bones and Blogs

This is probably one of my favorite homemade dog treat recipes, for a few reasons. Mainly because most of the ingredients are common household items, and it repels fleas! Perfect for summer.

Ingredients and their benefits: 

  • Peanut Butter (Protein)
  • 2-3 Bananas (Potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin C)
  • Dried Oats (fiber and protein)
  • Coconut Oil (improves skin, digestion, and energy)
  • Brewer’s Yeast (repels fleas, antioxidants)
  • Treat mold 

 

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Steps

Step 1. Add about 3 cups of peanut butter to a large mixing bowl

Step 2. Add your sliced bananas

Step 3. Add 1 cup of dried oats

Step 4. Add 1 tablespoon of Brewer’s Yeast

Step 5: Add coconut oil (add 1 teaspoon per 10lbs of your dog)

Step 6: Mix well

Step 7: Once you have your mixture – it’s time to fill your molds! If you do not have molds, you can also use ice trays or parchment paper.

Step 8: Freeze for 45 minutes – 1 hr.

Step 9: It’s time for your pup to enjoy this cool, healthy, flea repelling creamy treat!

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Save this recipe for year round delicious-ness and just change up the ingredients! During the fall I like to substitute the banana and instead add pumpkin or sweet potato. In the spring I’ll go another direction and add in some frozen blueberries or strawberries. There is no limit to the amount of possibilities and outcomes you can make with just these basic steps and ingredients! This is an awesome recipe to have handy all year around.

Steps to Prevent Excitement Urination

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Submitted by Amber Drake

Have you ever had a dog who was so ridiculously excited to see you (or someone else) when you walked in the door that she peed? Just walk in the door, look at your dog, and suddenly there’s a pile of pee you must clean up as soon as you get home.

Yeah? Us too.

And, so many other dog lovers have had this experience.

I had several clients who would pee every time their owners would walk in the door. They would just be that excited. They couldn’t wait for their best friend to walk through that door each day.

Don’t panic if your dog is one of those who pees when excited. We’ll talk about why this is and the steps you can take to get this behavior under control.

Excitement Urination: What is it?

Excitement urination (peeing when excited) usually happens during a greeting or playtime of some sort.

If your dog is peeing due to excitement, you won’t see any signs of submissive body language. She shouldn’t be looking at you with the ‘whale eye,’ a hunched back, tail between her legs, or display any other sign of submission.

Instead, your dog will be acting completely normal… other than being thrilled about the situation of course.

She won’t act scared, nervous, or frustrated.

She will just be happy. That’s all. And, while we’re on this subject, it’s nothing you should be scolding her for.

Excitement urination most commonly occurs in young dogs and puppies who don’t quite have control of their bladders. Don’t worry, most dogs get rid of this behavior with time (after one year of age).

In some cases, this behavior continues due to allowing it to be reinforced. For example, if you pet and talk to your dog in an excited manner while she’s excitement peeing, you’ll be letting her know all is well and be somewhat encouraging the behavior.

What Are the Recommendations?

First and foremost, as I always say, it’s important to visit your veterinarian. The behaviorist is step two in the process. It’s important to see your vet first so he or she can rule out any medical reasons for the behavior.

To avoid accidents, greeting or playing outdoors is recommended until the problem has been resolved.

Take walks often. Take long walks. Take short walks. Vary your routine. Make sure that bladder is empty as often as possible.

When your dog pees on walks, don’t forget to give praise and/or treats. Show him he’s doing a good job and you’re proud of him. He loves that. And, you’ll be making him more confident, too.

Keep your greeting on the ‘down-low.’ Don’t get overly excited or talk in an excited voice when you arrive home. You shouldn’t have any high-pitched ‘baby talk,’ hand-clapping, or hugging when you see your dog after you get done running errands. It doesn’t sound quite fair, but it’s important for your dog’s behavioral well-being (and for your sanity so you’re not cleaning up puddles all the time).

Once your dog calms down from the excitement of seeing you home, that’s when you can approach her and show her some love.

The last point, and the most important point, is not to punish your dog. Yes, I know I said this earlier in the article. But, it’s extremely important. And, I want you to know that punishment, even if you believe it works will damage the relationship you share with your dog. Your dog will have less trust in you. Your bond will be broken. And, that’s something you may never get back.

The Bottom Line on Excitement

If you’re feeling overwhelmed with the situation, don’t feel bad for walking away for a few moments to take a breath. Calm down. Then return to the situation and think about what’s best.

Of course, if you’re feeling extremely frustrated, you may want to book a consult with a canine behaviorist.

Be patient. And remember, if your dog is under one year old, this is a behavior that could simply be due to her bladder not being ‘ready’ to hold much urine.

 

Potential Hazardous Household Items

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Submitted by Amberly from Bones and Blogs

Within the past few weeks I have found that I have come across a number of articles/blogs with titles along the lines of “I didn’t know this common household item would be harmful to my dog”. And out of the articles I have read- I didn’t know these items were damaging either, I even personally own some of the things on the list.

With this brought to light, I wondered “what other potential hazards are lying in wait around my home?”

Here are a few of the findings that I didn’t know were potentially harmful to my dogs.

- Essential oils – essentials oils are a new trend in the holistic wellness community. They are known for their variety of benefits as well as the many ways it can be used i.e. absorbed through the skin, water soluble, ingested, diffused into air/water vapor etc. While these are currently some of the most “natural” holistic remedies on the market- some are still harmful to dogs. For example Tea Tree Oil can be absorbed orally or through the skin. While .1% of tea tree oil is tolerated and safe for pets, larger increments can cause visual skin irritation and rashes as well as other ailments or illnesses… and this is one of the most commonly used essential oils in homes today. You can put a few drops of Tea Tree oil in your diffuser every day and be unknowingly poisoning your pet.

- Xylitol – a common substitute for sugar and other sweeteners. Xylitol can cause low blood sugar inducing seizures, liver failure, or even death in dogs. Other miscellaneous items that may contain Xylitol gum, toothpaste, mouth wash, lotions and deodorants. Even foods stating “sugar-free” can still contain Xylitol.

- Tulips – Tomatoes, lilies, tulips and other plants and flowers are considered to be in the Nightshade family, and can be toxic to dogs. Remember this the next time your significant other surprises you with a just because bouquet!

- Heavy Metals – It should probably go without saying that heavy metals aren’t the best chew toy for a dog. But when you break it down to paint chips from an old piece of furniture or pennies forgotten in the couch cushions, it seems much more plausible, right? These metals contain toxic variables such as led.

- Fabric Softener Sheets – Yes we all love that fresh + clean new sheet smell – but certain fragrant chemicals within fabric softeners can be harmful when directly put into contact with your dog. Here are some dog safe laundry brands for those of you who aren’t willing to compromise those sweet smelling sheets!

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Stay safe!

Amberly of Bones and Blogs

Do Dogs Cry?

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Submitted by Amber L. Drake

When dogs get upset, do they cry real tears like we do? Do they even have tear ducts?

Our dog’s language is extremely intriguing. And, although they don’t talk the same language as us, they still have ways to communicate their feelings.

Our dog might come up and nudge us if they need something. Or, some may simply want their own space for a while.

We all know when our dog is happy… but do they cry when they’re upset? Do their feelings get hurt? Are there tears falling during times of upset?

A DOG’S TEAR DUCTS

Yes, dogs do have tear ducts like us. And, anyone who has a Maltese, or a Poodle, can attest to that. They are particularly apparent if your dog is pure white. Dog lovers who have a Maltese or Poodle are continuously wiping off the corner of their dog’s eyes due to their tear staining.

If the tear stains aren’t continuously wiped off, our dog will appear to be extremely unhealthy. And, it’s probably not too comfortable for them either.

Other breeds may also have excessive drainage from their eyes. In technical terms, this phenomenon is known as epiphora.

Tear types and emotions

There are two types of tears humans and dogs share. These tears are known as basal tears and reflexive tears. Basal tears are continuously produced to keep the eye moist. Reflexive tears protect the eyes from allergens or any type of irritant.

Then, there are emotional tears. Dogs don’t share these with us. Emotional tears begin when we (humans) are overwhelmed, frustrated, or generally emotional. A dog’s tear ducts do not allow them to produce emotional tears. But, even though dogs don’t cry ‘tears’ when they’re upset, they still have their own way of letting us know.

Why Does My Dog Look Like She’s Crying?

If your dog looks as if she is crying, this could be due to a medical condition. The causes of ‘dog tears’ include the following:

  • Allergies: Allergies can cause a dog’s eye(s) to water… just like us. If your dog has allergies, your veterinarian should be contacted so you’re able to determine what she or he is allergic to.
  • Blocked Tear Ducts: If your dog’s tear ducts are blocked, you may notice what appears to be tears leaving his eyes.
  • Scratched Cornea: If your dog is active, there’s a possibility she may be ‘crying’ due to a scratched cornea. If your dog has a scratched cornea, she might also be blinking excessively.
  • Irritants: There could be a speck of dirt in your dog’s eye, or some other type of irritant, causing tears.

DO DOGS UNDERSTAND WHEN WE CRY?

Yes, research has found dogs respond to our tears. They know when we’re upset based on our facial expressions and the tone of our voice.

Research has gone so far to say many dogs can understand how we’re feeling without even seeing us in person. They’re able to tell by a picture.

THE BOTTOM LINE

Even though it might look as if your dog is sad, and crying emotional tears, your dog isn’t truly ‘crying’ the way do. If you notice tears coming from your dog’s eyes, make an appointment with your veterinarian to find out the cause.

 

Did You Know Dogs Can Detect Cancer?

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Contributed by Amber L. Drake

Did you know dogs can smell up to 100,000 times more acutely than we can as humans? Dogs have approximately 300 million olfactory receptors compared to our six million. This incredible sense of smell has allowed for amazing discoveries.

Canine research is currently focused on a dog’s ability to detect cancer cells in humans. Why? We, as scientists, have discovered dogs are able to detect cancer at stage zero. Stage zero cancer detection could save many lives. Dogs may be able to detect cancer cells before our modern technology is able.

The Miracle Dogs Can Save Lives

A dog named Lucy has been the leading force in this field. Lucy was originally bred to be a hunting dog, but she was ‘kicked out’ of hunting class because her trainer said she was not able to pay attention.

Lucy was continuously attracted to various sorts of smells. Now, the dog who was kicked out of training class, can sniff out bladder, kidney, and prostate cancer.

What’s her success rate in sniffing out cancer? She has a 95% success rate. That’s impressive.

She’s not the only cancer-sniffing dog. A dog at the Penn Vet Working Dog Center, named McBaine, is also a powerful force in this field. McBaine is one of three cancer-detecting dogs in the center. His most recent accomplishment involves sniffing out ovarian cancer simply from smelling various vials of blood.

Ovarian cancer is an aggressive cancer… often not detected until it has progressed to late stages. And, here’s McBaine, with the ability to tell its cancer just by smelling the blood sample.

How We Train Dogs to Be Scientists

This is a common question. How could we possibly train a dog to work with us in a lab? And, actually enjoy the work he does in the lab?

Positive reinforcement is the key here. The dogs are heavily praised when they answer a question correctly, and provided with a toy, or a treat.

The main method used… keeping it fun! That simple. Dogs love mental stimulation. In their mind, they’re essentially playing games all day long with people they love.

The dogs kept at this center, The Penn Vet Working Dog Center, have a 90% success rate is sniffing out cancer cells.

The Italian Ministry of Defense

Another organization, the Italian Ministry of Defense, trained two German Shepherd dogs to detect prostate cancer.

The organization collected 677 samples of urine; 320 samples from men diagnosed with prostate cancer and 357 from men without cancer.

The German Shepherd dogs were able to identify urine samples with cancerous cells correctly 99% of the time.

A Professor from Harvard Medical School outlined the accuracy as being better than any tests currently available for prostate cancer detection.

Detecting Other Health Conditions

The dog’s abilities don’t stop at cancer detection. They’re able to detect many other serious health problems.

Narcolepsy, for example, is a brain disorder which affects a person’s sleep cycle. A person with narcolepsy could be in the middle of an activity and immediately fall asleep. Dogs are able to pick up a scent prior to a narcoleptic attack. Service dogs are used to assist those with narcolepsy to ensure they do not injure themselves when an attack occurs. Dogs are able to warn the individual up to 5 minutes prior to an attack.

Those who are diabetic may also have a desire for a service dog. Dogs are able to detect when blood sugar is dropping or spiking. There is a particular sugar present in a human’s breath; dogs are sensitive to this smell. When the dog notices a person’s blood sugar is abnormal, they provide him or her with a warning which often gives the person enough time to test their blood sugar and take their insulin.

Although there are several others, the final health condition dogs are helpful with is stress levels. This may not sound as serious as the others; however, stress can lead to serious health conditions if a high level of stress is present over a period of time. Even if we do not appear to be stressed, dogs can smell the hormones released by our bodies during difficult situations. In these situations, dogs are able to alert their owners to take deep breaths. In addition to this, petting a dog actually releases oxytocin (the ‘happy’ hormone) through both his and our bodies. This particularly assists those with PTSD.

A Long Road

We still have a long road ahead of us regarding research but we, as researchers, are learning more and more every day. Dogs have saved many lives and with continuing research have the ability to save many, many more.

Exercise Tips

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Contributed by Amberly Lewis of Bones and Blog

The best type of exercise is when they don’t even realize they’re exercising. I like to mask working-out by doing things I know we’ll all enjoy such as: 

  • Walk on the beach – that soft sand is sure to get everyone’s thighs burning
  • Hike in nature – The fresh air is so rejuvenating, and dodging the fallen limbs and branches is a sure way to you alert and on your toes
  • Spend some extra time at an off-leash dog park – sometimes the mere act of a new doggy friend is exerting
  • Go for a swim – This is a great way to keep cool, and still get some exercise
  • Dog + Yoga = Doga – this will not only strengthen the bond with your dog, but also help decrease stress and anxiety in your dog (great for small dogs)

Much like with humans, there is no “right” way to exercise when it comes to your dog. There are a number of variables to consider like your dogs breed and size (snout and other factors that affect the breathing), weight (you don’t want to over exert), personality (some dogs are just lazy, happens’), and build (leg size/muscle mass). Here are some of the best types of exercises based on some of these factors.

Large breed (in height and girth) | I.e. Great Danes, Bernese, Greyhounds – Brisk Walks for about 20-30 minutes or less a day. Long walks or hikes can be hard on their joints.

Large breed (standard snout)| I.e. Pointers, Ridgebacks – Running will help these dogs stay in shape. These breeds can endure up to 3 miles after their first year.

Large breed (short snout) | I.e. Mastiffs, Boxers, and Chows - Brisk Walks for about 20-30 minutes a day. These quick and untimely walks will help these types of dogs avoid overheating and over-exerting.

Water lovers (med sized dogs who can obtain much of their exercise through water activities) | I.e. Labradors, Golden Retrievers, Springer Spaniels, Poodles – 20-30 minutes a day in a clean body of water (deeper than a bath tub)

Small breed (short legs, long backs) I.e. Basset hounds, Dachshunds – Short brisk walks, try to avoid jumping or playing fetch. 

Small breed (standard snout) | I.e. Chihuahuas, Yorkie’s – These dogs are known sniffing machines! Hide their treat or favorite toy and let them hunt for it.

Small breed (short snout) | I.e. Pugs, Bulldogs, Terriers, Shih Tzus – Create an obstacle course or a small obtainable goal that requires movement. Have them jump over a roll of paper towels to win a treat!

A few things to have on hand while exercising with your dog

  • Water
  • Poop bags
  • Leash/Harness

There are other aspects to be considered when exercising aside from just weight loss/maintenance. Here are a few more reasons why pet-exercise is so important.

  • Removes Toxins – this is powered by muscle movement to the lymphatic regions
  • Brain stimulation – as little as 20 minutes of exercise a day has shown to increase information processing and memory function
  • Slows aging
  • Sensory enhancement – exercise increases circulation to the ears and eyes
  • Strengthens bones and muscles – exercise can decrease the chances for brittle bones in your dog’s upcoming years, this will reduce chances of diagnosis such as osteoporosis
  • Improves behavior – getting that little extra bit of energy and endurance out every day will help tremendously with keeping your dog’s behavior and energy consistent; some may compare this to a runner’s high

Like I mentioned earlier, there is no right way to exercise. Anything from fetch in your own backyard to taking the long way home from dinner can greatly benefit your dog’s physicality and overall health. You just have to look :) 

Plus, summer brings so many more opportunities!


 

CBD Glazed Dog Treat Recipe

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Contributed by @SorshaMorava

For the Cookie: 

— 3 cups whole wheat flour

— 1/3 cup nutritional yeast

— 1 cup + 1 tbsp vegetable broth (low sodium)

 

  Cookie ingredients

For the glaze:

— 1 tbsp coconut oil

— 1/4 cup peanut butter

— 2 full droppers of CanneCanine 500 Hemp CBD Oil

  Glaze ingredients

Preheat oven 340 degrees fahrenheit.

In a bowl mix together flour and nutritional yeast, then slowly mix in vegetable broth.

You might have to use your hands to get all of the ingredients mixed together.

Once you have everything mixed together, spread some flour out on a flat surface. Then put the ball of dough on that floured surface and start rolling it out. You can roll it out as thick or thin as you’d like, but I suggest the thinner the better! 

Now you can take cookie cutters or even cut the shapes of the cookies out yourself and start cutting into the dough. 

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Then place cookies on a lightly greased (coconut oil works great) cookie sheet. Put cookies in the oven for 20 minutes. Once the time is up, turn off the oven and leave the cookies in their for a few hours until they fully dry out.

In the mean time, mix together all of the glaze ingredients. 

After a few hours, take the cookies out and lightly drizzle the glaze over the cookies. The glaze needs to solidify so pop it in the freeze for a few minutes. 

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Make sure you store the canine cookies in a dry, cool place. And serve to your pup whenever they’re good or whenever they need some extra nutrients! 

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Jumping the Crate Training Hurdles

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Contributed by Amber Drake

Many of you likely cringe at the thought of crate training. And, it’s not because you are against crate training, but because you just aren’t sure how to get started. Or, maybe you just don’t get why crate training would help your new puppy.

At first glance, crate training (to most people) appears to extremely uncomfortable, and a bit like putting your new pup in puppy jail. Crates are so small, there’s not much space for our pups to move around. They can’t walk in there. So, why would it be comfortable for them? We sure wouldn’t be comfortable sleeping in a confined area.

Here’s the thing… there’s magic to the crate. That’s why it’s comfortable to our little pups. What’s the magic? Dogs, by instinct, search for cozy spaces to become their ‘den.’ Their dens are their safe spot; their place to escape the world.  Their crate is an area that’s 100% their own. 

Jumping the Crate Training Hurdles

Your puppy doesn’t look at the crate and automatically think, “yes, this is my spot.” Usually, they choose their own. Instead, we have picked her den for her.

At first glance, your puppy (or dog) might be a little afraid of the crate. Don’t panic. This reaction is completely normal. After your pup becomes accustomed to the crate, he will love his new, cozy sleeping space.

Of course, crate training isn’t a requirement for being a loving, responsible pet parent. But, it’s worth considering.

In addition to helping with potty training, crate training can help reduce separation anxiety. And, if your dog encounters a stressful situation, the crate allows her to escape to her own world which assists in preventing severe behavioral issues.

Make Crate Training Positive

Being certain to connect the crate to a positive ‘thing’ or experience is important. If your pup connects the crate with a treat, praise, and/or a toy, he will be more likely to want to go into the crate on his own.

Ensuring the connection is positive also increases the level of trust they have with you. They form a good emotional connection from this experience.

To make this experience positive, don’t immediately jump into locking your pup in her crate. Be sure he is properly (and slowly) introduced to the crate first. Keep the crate open and put your pup’s favorite treat as far back in the crate as it will go.

Keep the crate door open to begin. This part is important and must be emphasized.

After a few attempts, if your puppy appears to be comfortable walking in the crate on her own, you can now close the door. Only close the door for as long as it takes her to finish eating her treat (or chewing on her toy). Then, open the crate back up.

Gradually increase the amount of time your dog is in the crate. Leave the door closed for longer and longer periods… increasing only by a few minutes at a time.

What if my Dog is Still Uncomfortable?

What if the above step gets your pup somewhat comfortable… but she’s still not fully comfortable yet? Some dogs are perfectly content, and happy, with their crate using the above step. Others need more reassurance.

If your dog is one who isn’t comfortable yet, we move on to desensitizing your puppy. This process could take an additional few days, or another few weeks.

Continue the process above, but only keep the crate locked for 10 seconds at a time or so. Then, gradually increase only be 5-10 seconds each time and work your way up to minutes.

Do not leave your puppy in the crate alone until he’s fully comfortable. We don’t want him to be miserable in there. We want him to be comfortable and feel safe.

How Big Should the Crate Be?

This is one of the parts of the puzzle where dog lovers get frustrated. How big should the crate be? How do you know if it’s big enough? And, how do you know it’s not too small?

Your puppy (or dog) should be able to lie down, move around a bit to get comfortable, and turn around. The crate should not be big enough to have a ton of extra room.

Dogs don’t like to use the potty where they sleep (by instinct). If the crate is big enough to have ‘walking room’ or an extra little area that’s not taken up by anything, she is likely to use the potty in the crate. We don’t want that to happen. Part of the reason we crate train is to help with potty-training, right? So, that would defeat the purpose of the crate.

Just Some General Guidelines

There are some general guidelines I would like to share with you.

1.     Never leave your puppy in the crate by himself if he’s uncomfortable.

2.     Always leave something for your pup to do in the crate- treat, toy, puzzle, etc.

3.     Never leave your puppy in her crate longer than 2-3 hours… especially a young pup. Young puppies can’t hold their bladder. And, if they do, could end up developing a urinary tract infection.

4.     Always take your puppy (or dog) potty before she goes in her crate.

5.     Always exercise with your dog before he goes into his crate.

The Bottom Line on Crate Training

The most important ‘thing’ to remember about crate training is… make sure the crate is a positive experience and be patient. Patience, you will find, is key to nearly everything you do with your dog. Remember, the way we want them to act and what their instincts tell them is completely different.

 

 

Tips Before your Dog Beach Trip

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Contributed by Amberly from Bones and Blogs

Warm weather is upon and that means lots of outdoor activities. With the temperature rising it only makes sense to look for activities to keep you and your dog cool. Being a local to Jacksonville, FL – one of our favorite past times is attending summer beach trips. So I thought I would share a few things I keep in mind when taking my dogs to the beach!

1. Always check for dog friendly beaches. Every beach has their own set of rules when it comes to pets. Some do not allow pets at all, some do not allow pets between certain hours, and some are specifically there for your pet! It’s good to check out some reviews before planning your beach day.

2. Find a spot near the shade. With all that fur your pet can easily get over heated. So when arriving at the beach be sure to find a spot under a big tree or umbrella. While yes, the cool ocean waves will help to cool down their internal temp – it’s good for them to have a place to escape the sun. And keep in mind how hot that sand can be on their paws!

3. Water, water, and more water! Keep your pet hydrated. I would recommend making sure your pet has access to fresh drinking water 100% of the time while at the beach. Keep the water covered under your cool shaded spot so your pet can hydrate at their convenience. I usually do this by packing a gallon of fresh water and portable drinking bowls.

4. Keep your pet entertained. Pack a Frisbee, a big chew bone, or their favorite squeaky toy! I’ve come to find that when my dogs have their favorite items around they are much less likely to get into trouble by wandering over to the sand dunes, private property, or to other beach goers. With that being said – pack a leash!

5. Since you will be in a public space – be sure that your pet is current on all their vaccinations.

6. Stay close to your dog at all times. Unfortunately when going to the beach there is more to fear than the obvious, sharks. Also keep an eye out for stingrays and jelly fish… We have encountered many a jelly fish simply washed up onto shore.

7. Dog sunscreen. This is a product I wasn’t even aware of until my experience as a dog mom called for it. Naturally my Labrador retriever loves the water and the outdoors. I began to notice that the skin right above his nose, where the fur is very thin, would become bright pink after these outings. Then one day it hit me, a doggy sunburn! I felt awful that I hadn’t noticed or even considered this notion before. Ever since then I have been prepared – my favorite go to brand for dog sunscreen is Burt’s Bees. If I cannot find sunscreen specific for my dogs – I will go for the baby safe brands.

8. In the event your dog does return with a sunburn, here are a few remedies that may help. CBD dog oil, which has been known to decrease pain and ease skin irritations. Luke-arm oatmeal bath, this will help soothe the skin. 100% all natural aloe. 

9. If you have a smaller pup, your pet isn’t a strong swimmer, or your pet is timid of water – it wouldn’t hurt to put them in a doggy swim vest. This will increase visibility, and better ensure the safety of your pet. With this being said, do not force your pet into the water. If anything maybe try taking the lead and see if your pet follows.

10. Time management. While we all love the relaxation a beach day can bring, I cannot deny that it’s often equally as draining. The sun takes a lot out of you, as does the loading and unloading of all your beach necessities! Keep this in mind when you have your pet at the beach with you and do not let your trip exceed more than a few hours. Take note of how your dog is acting. Some signs of heat stroke include: rapid panting, bright red tongue, thick saliva, weakness, vomiting, and diarrhea.

I hope these tips were helpful! Wishing you high tides, good vibes, and wagging tails!

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Introducing Your New Dog to Your Home

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Contributed by Amber Drake

Bringing Your New Dog Home

The first few days in your home are a special, yet anxious, time for you and your new dog. Your new dog will likely be confused about where he is. He won’t immediately connect your home with his home. It’s a completely different environment than what she knows (whether she came from a shelter or a family- it’s still different). It’s up to you to ensure she has the smoothest transition possible.

Before Your Bring Her Home

Before you bring your new dog home, you should determine which area of your home your dog will spend the most time. Then, dog-proof that area and place the crate somewhere comfortable (if you’re crate training). Usually, the kitchen works best. It’s easy to clean up in case of any accidents. Their knowledge of house-training may be lost during a time of great stress like this.

If you plan to crate-train your dog, the crate should be set up before you bring your dog home. Don’t forget to place a mattress of some kind in the crate with them. The type of mattress you should have varies based on the breed of dog you are bringing home, and the age of the dog. Be certain to do proper research on this before bringing your new dog home.

Now, dog-proofing. Dog-proofing your home is critical to keep your dog safe. Tape off any loose wires. Place household cleaners, medications, and other chemicals up high. If you have plants on the floor, do some research and see which plants dogs can and can’t be near.

Finally, have their collar and leash ready to go. On the collar, there should be identification tags already attached. If your dog doesn’t already have a microchip, this may also be something to consider. The microchip isn’t a GPS device, but if your dog were to ever get lost, the microchip would be scanned and an identification code unique to your dog containing all your details would be available.

On the First Day

The first day home could be extremely stressful or overwhelmingly exciting for your dog. Either way, give your dog time to acclimate to your home before you allow any ‘strangers’ to come over. Even if you think your dog is doing wonderful with the transition- one new event could spark stress in the first week. If you have children, show your children the appropriate way to approach a dog.

When you pick up your new dog, don’t forget to ask what she ate that day (and the type of food). If you feed your new dog a completely different food, this could lead to an upset stomach and diarrhea. We don’t want that. An upset stomach could make the transition even more stressful for both him and us.

If you would like to feed a different brand/type of food, do so over a one-week period adding in the new food to their old food slowly. Watch for any signs of stomach upset or loose stools. If you do notice any symptoms, lessen the amount of new food and extend the transition time.

When you arrive home, immediately show your dog where the potty area is and softly say “potty-potty” or similar. Be patient during this time. Even if your dog is fully potty-trained, don’t forget there could be accidents. Your dog may not act like he has to use to the bathroom while he’s outside, then come in and immediately have an accident. Don’t panic, this is a completely normal behavior when being introduced to a new home.

A routine should be put in place immediately. Structure is extremely helpful to a dog adjusting to a new home, and your resident dogs as well if they don’t already have a routine. Feeding, potty-time, and play/exercise, should have an approximate time each day. If the time changes by a half hour occasionally, that’s okay.

For the first few days of your dog being home, try to be as calm and quiet as possible. Limiting excitement during this time will help her adjust. And, it will give you time to get to know your dog better. Take this time to build a foundation for the bond you will share.

Training should also begin immediately. But, after the first week, you can increase the amount of physical and mental stimulation your dog is receiving. Training also helps a dog settle in further and strengthens the bond you are building.

Introducing Your New Dog to Another Dog

If you have a resident dog, introduce your new dog to your resident dog outside in a neutral area. If you have more than one resident dog, introduce one at a time. Don’t rush the introduction. Each dog should be on a leash, and each leash should be loose to allow the dogs to get to know one another.

After the outside introduction, you can bring your new dog inside and do the in-home introduction (if all goes well outside). If you bring your new dog inside immediately without the outside introduction, this could spark a huge list of problems. Keep each interaction between your new dog and your resident dog(s) short and as pleasant as possible. If you see any sign of tension, immediately separate the dogs and try again an hour or so later.

Don’t leave all the dogs alone together until you know it’s safe to do so. Watching your dogs’ body language can help you understand when it’s safe.

The Bottom Line

The most important take-a-way here involves patience. Be patient with your new dog’s behaviors, training levels, and the bond you are establishing. Some dogs adjust quickly and form a bond immediately. Others take more time. Commit as much time as possible to getting to know your new dog while spending time with your resident dogs. Watch your new dog’s body language to understand what she is communicating to you and others.

4 Steps to Successful Leash-Walking

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Contributed by Amber Drake

There’s a common misconception that dogs automatically understand how to walk on a leash. But, this is a skill that needs to be learned by your dog. Dogs are not ‘natural leash walkers.’ Fortunately, this is a simple skill to teach in most cases.

The most effective way to train your dog to walk on a leash is step-by-step. Take small steps to acclimate your dog to this ‘unnatural’ behavior.

Step 1: Introducing the Collar and Leash

You should begin this process by allowing your dog to become familiar with the collar/harness and the leash. Place the collar or harness on your dog, then clip the leash to your dog’s collar, but don’t hold onto the leash.

Allow your dog to wear the collar and leash throughout the house while giving her treats. Using this step, your dog will associate the collar and leash with treats and happiness.

Step 2: Understanding the ‘Come’ Command

The next step is teaching the ‘come’ command. If he already knows the ‘come’ command, that’s perfect. We’re ahead of the game. If not, this is a skill that must be taught prior to walking on a leash outside (for safety precautions).

In this scenario, let’s say your dog already knows the command. Say ‘come’ and then reward your dog with a treat (with the collar and leash on).

While he’s still heading your way, begin walking backwards and provide the reward (treat, kibble) when he gets to you. If you have a puppy, this process will take more patience. Puppies have very short attention spans. But remember, patience is key.

Step 3: Practice Leash-Walking Inside

At this point in the process, your dog should understand how to come to you… and feel comfortable with the leash and collar on (from Steps 1 and 2). You can now practice walking on the leash in your home.

While you’re walking on the leash, reward your dog often. You may want to provide kibble in this step, so your dog doesn’t go over her treat limit. If you feed your dog too many treats, she could easily become obese. And, that leads to a range of other problems we simply don’t want.

Step 4: Let’s Go Outside

If your dog did well with steps 1-3, you can now go for a leash walk outside and test out her freshly-learned skills.

Don’t get upset if your dog struggles on her first few walks outside. Even though your dog has mastered steps 1-3, you may still face challenges in this step.

There will be all kinds of sounds, sights, and smells your dog may have never smelled before (especially if you have a puppy). And, if you have an adult dog, they may still smell, see, or hear things they haven’t heard before and want to explore just as much as a puppy.

At first, keep the walks short.

We know you want to go on long walks, but this takes time to master.

If your puppy or dog becomes distracted on your walk, re-direct his attention to you and continue walking.

What Should I Do?

There could be a few problems you run into. Don’t worry. Problems with leash-walking are common, and they’re generally easy to fix.

The first problem… what if my dog pulls on the leash? If your dog starts pulling, you should stand completely still and refuse to move until your dog comes back to you. You should never jerk the leash, or drag your dog, as these actions could severely hurt your dog.

Another note to add, if your dog is a puller, a front-hook harness or head halter is recommended as these are designed for dogs who pull on the leash.

The next common problem… what if she won’t stop barking? Some dogs have a barking issue when they’re going on their first walks. They aren’t sure what’s going on in the world surrounding them and may feel compelled to bark at the unknown (strangers, cats, other dogs, etc.). You can reduce this behavior by exercising with your dog before their walk.

Then, there’s the constant sniffing. Dogs want to smell everything. If your dog wants to stop at every step, you might be giving them ‘too much leash.’ Retractable leashes are not recommended for this reason… especially while training. Of course, there are times when it’s okay for your dog to sniff and explore. And, as your walk with your dog, she will learn when it’s appropriate and when it’s not.

The Bottom Line on Leash Walking

The most important thing to take out of this article is… be patient and understanding. Learning how to walk on a leash is a process for your dog. And, it’s not a natural behavior. Just like going ‘potty outside’ must be learned, leash walking is a process that we desire as humans that must be learned.

If you’re having a hard time getting your dog to walk on a leash properly, you should consult a Canine Behaviorist or Dog Trainer for additional tips.

Perfect for Summer Pupsicles: Apple + Chicken Pup Pops

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Contributed by Amberly Lewis from Bones and Blogs

What you will need

1.     Dixie style small paper cups

2.     Measuring cup

3.     ½ cup of homemade unsalted chicken broth (see steps for homemade broth below)

4.     ½ cup of water

5.     1 Gala apple

6.     Rawhide sticks (firm, like a pretzel or popsicle stick)

Directions

1.     Combine your chicken broth, and water into your measuring cup

2.     Wash and slice apples into bite size pieces – this is open to interpretation depending on the size of your dog. For mine, I cut them long ways/hotdog style and thin.

3.     Drop a few of the apple slices into your paper cups.

4.     Then fill up your apple cups about halfway using our water and chicken broth concoction.

5.     Stick your firm rawhide sticks into the center of the cup

6.     Freeze for about 3 hours

Homemade Chicken Broth

1.     Place your leftover chicken carcass in a large pot and cover with water.

2.     Let simmer for 90 minutes

3.     Strain broth and discard all the remaining bones and meat

4.     Let cool

This pupsicle recipe spoke to me for a number of reasons. My dogs love anything chicken, apples, or peanut butter! So a summer treat with 2/3 of their favorite ingredients could not have been more perfect.

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Additionally, it only takes 6 items and 6 steps to complete these delicious and healthy pup-pops! These pupsicles would be perfect to serve to pups in attendance at a summer barbeque, post-puppy beach day, or a doggy birthday party! We often give these to our pups after a particularly heated day at the dog park or as a post-hike snack. It gives them a chance to cool down, and clam down after the excitement of the day.

This frozen treat will help keep your pup cool in the summer days to come, provide lasting entertainment, as well as provide them with nutrients and all their favorite flavors! I was sure this would be a summer treat my dogs would love. I hope your pups love it too!

Can CBD Help My Dog with Cancer?

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Contributed by Amber Drake

When your dog is suffering from cancer, watching them fight this horrid condition can become overwhelming. And, it’s equally as frustrating as we can’t help as much as we would like to. Thankfully, there continues to be more and more research released regarding alternative treatments. One potential alternative treatment you may want to investigate is CBD oil.

Before we go on further into this article, it’s important to note that CBD oil isn’t a cure for cancer in dogs. We wish it could be the cure, but unfortunately that’s not the case. But, this doesn’t mean it can’t still help your dog.

And, a little disclaimer here, if your dog has cancer make sure you discuss this option with your veterinarian before implementing this into your dog’s routine. If your family veterinarian is unsure about alternative treatments, you can request a visit with a veterinarian who specializes in alternative medicine.

What Exactly is… The “C” word?

The basic definition of cancer is abnormal growth of cells in the body. The abnormal cells in the body grow uncontrollably (we’ll talk more about this in a few moments) and begin destroying the body’s ability to function properly.

Cancer is extremely common in dogs, approximately one of two dogs will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime. The types of cancer dogs are diagnosed with includes:

Skin Cancer: Skin cancer is common in dogs, but it is usually benign.

Mammary Cancer: Female dogs are prone to breast cancer. Breeds most susceptible to mammary cancer include Poodles, Dachshunds, and Spaniels.

Head and Neck Cancers: Dogs are prone to developing mouth cancer. This type of cancer must be treated immediately and aggressively. Dog breeds most susceptible to developing this type of cancer include Golden Retrievers, Irish Setters, German Shepherds, and Scottish Terriers.

Lymphoma: Lymphoma is cancer of the lymph nodes. Dog owners usually catch this cancer once an enlarged lymph node is apparent. Lymphoma can be an aggressive cancer and should be treated immediately following diagnosis. Breeds prone to Lymphoma include Dachshund, Pomeranian, Chihuahua, and Brittany Spaniel.

Testicular Cancer: Testicular cancer is common in dogs, particularly dogs who have retained testicles.

Bone Cancer: Bone cancer is common in large-breed and senior dogs. The most common area bone cancer occurs is in the leg bones. You may notice unusual swelling, lameness, or pain in dogs who have bone cancer. Certain breeds are more susceptible to bone cancer than others (Great Dane, Saint Bernard, Golden Retriever, Doberman Pinscher, Irish Setter).

Brain Cancer: Brain tumors develop in the tissue of the brain. They’re generally slow-growing and not found until symptoms begin. Fortunately, this type of cancer is rare in dogs. There are certain breeds at an increased risk including Doberman Pincher, Scottish Terrier, Olde English Sheepdog, and Golden Retriever.

How Can CBD Oil Help?

CBD oil helps to manage inflammation, decrease pain, manage seizures, and stimulate the appetite. Each of these benefits may sound relatively small when it comes to the full picture. But, each of these can result in your dog feeling much better. The anti-inflammatory and anti-pain effects from the CBD oil may help your dog feel more comfortable. Maintaining a healthy appetite is critical to your dog’s strength.

CBD has also been shown to stop cancer cells from growing and increasing the death rate of tumor cells. CBD kills cells by helping the immune system and blocks their ability to produce energy.

Cancer cells are different than your dog’s normal body cells because they don’t die on their own. Normal cells that are old or damaged have a “control system” that causes their death. This process of cell suicide is known as apoptosis. Cancer cells do not have the ability to induce apoptosis. The damaged/mutated cells just continue to grow and grow… which forms tumors. CBD has been shown to ‘turn on’ apoptosis and stop the growth of tumors.

CBD oil can also help increase the efficacy of conventional cancer treatments (chemotherapy, radiation). Researchers have found combining chemotherapy with cannabinoids had better results than using chemo alone. Researchers believe combining chemo and CBD can also reduce those terrible side effects, like nausea, from the chemotherapy treatments.

Testimonials Mean the World

Testimonials mean the world to us as dog lovers. We want to check out what others are saying about the product, right? Of course. That’s why we have compiled a few of CannaCanine’s CBD oil testimonials below:

“I have been using your CBD oil with Judah, my 13 year old Springer Spaniel, as a part of his natural treatment program for a skin cancer on his ear. This treatment includes prayer, faith, CBD oil, a healthy raw diet, and a couple other essential oils and cream. Since hearing of CBD oil, we have tried a couple different brands and have found yours to be of great quality. I have found that CBD oil applied topically has greatly helped with minimizing and controlling the affected area, while giving him a dropper by mouth each day has helped him to be at ease. Some of his lumps have even shrunk drastically! Thank the Lord!! Judah is such a good boy and deserves the best treatment. This is why I use CannaCanine! And it is awesome to hear that it is affective for anxiety too because I can recommend it to my training clients as another way in helping their dogs relax.” -Judah, Skin Cancer

“Rudy has bone cancer which puts a lot of strain on his system. It is painful and very exhausting as it drains his energy. However CBD oil has helped him increase his energy level and take away the inflammation in his leg. It also helps to relieve the pain caused by the cancer. CBD has made a huge improvement in the quality of his life! Rudy can now enjoy his days better in peace and comfort through CBD.” -Rudy, Bone Cancer

The Bottom Line on CBD and Cancer

There’s some promising research regarding CBD and cancer in dogs and humans. Researchers are continuing to study the benefits of CBD oil, and more research is expected to be released in the future. In the meantime, there are benefits researchers have found to help your dog already (reduced inflammation, etc.).

Don’t forget to talk to your veterinarian prior to implementing CBD into your dog’s routine. Once your veterinarian gives you the ‘go-ahead,’ visit CannaCanine’s store here and use code ‘YEAR’ for 30% off!